Trading financial assets are becoming increasingly popular among traders in the former CIS. Today, very popular are assets such as securities. I must say that such an interest is not accidental. Has already become a familiar currency trading does not ensure those expectations are pinned on it. The reason for this constant instability of currency markets. After the exchange is chaotic motion observed in many commodity markets. In contrast, the stock market is much more attractive due to its characteristic stability.
Such assets, as securities are entitled to use the value specified in the contract. Today, there are several basic types of securities. In view of the increasing demand, traders need to have a clear understanding of the types of securities, and the difference between them. They may differ in terms of performance, for the obligations of the parties, as well as the types of contracting. Among the most common are the following securities of financial assets.
Types of financial assets
Promotional assets. This financial instrument is perhaps the most common. It is a document confirming the right of possession of part of the capital or property owned by the holder of the shares. In its functionality all the shares are divided into two main types - preferred and common. In respect of ordinary shares have the right to supply a voice in decision-making, but at the same time, such an action does not guarantee the holder a profit in the form of dividends. It is much more attractive for investors and holders of the asset is a preferred share, which, unlike the ordinary, gives the right to receive payment of a stable income. But in respect of the right of authorized capital does not have priority. Usually, promotional assets secured by a pledge of tangible or share holder of shares in the total capital.
Bonds - another financial asset used for profit. The peculiarity of it is that the bonds have a guaranteed supply of state of the financial structure. Acquisition of bonds guaranteed by the state and provided repaid in strictly defined time period, and with the calculation of the interest rate for the use of cash bonds holder. Thus, bonds are inherently a kind of credit issued by the buyer to the state bonds at a certain percentage.
The third common type of assets in the financial market have bills. It should be noted that in its stability is the most vulnerable financial assets that are debt issued by the representative of funds. Such securities as promissory notes issued to the difficult economic situation and apply in order to obtain additional capital to exit the crisis. But, unlike other types of financial instruments, such securities are the most profitable, in spite of the risk situations in which they are exposed.
Next come futures. This contractual commitments, implying the strict fulfillment of the obligations resulting from the agreement of both parties to the contract. Futures financial assets are intended to purchase goods or securities. Moreover, such a purchase, according to the contract, to be held at the time of contract execution. Other times may have no effect for such contracts. What else distinguishes the futures of other types of financial instruments - is a necessary price mark, which is the same as the period of performance, at the time of the unconditional fulfillment of the futures contract. But these, at first sight, the conditions for both parties of a futures contract, oddly enough, provide the greatest stability of the futures market.
Such relationships buyer and the seller make the futures market the most stable compared to other markets. This is due to mandatory provisions of the contract, which can not be changed until the end of the contract period. Therefore, this market is not observed high volatility and sudden changes in the price range.
Another stable financial instrument is an option. This, in essence, - as a contract for difference in prices for the acquired asset. But, unlike futures, it is not binding as of a certain date. In other words, it is a kind optsion- support confidence in the fact that when prices change in a big way, the buyer will be able to exercise their right stipulated in the contract for the purchase of goods under existing at the time of the contract price. It can be regarded as a kind of insurance policy that protects against price increases.